Please note that the ANZCTR website will be unavailable from 6pm until 6.30pm (AEST) on Monday 22nd July for website maintenance. Please be sure to log out of the system in order to avoid any loss of data. Thank you and apologies for any inconvenience caused.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been endorsed by the ANZCTR. Before participating in a study, talk to your health care provider and refer to this information for consumers
Trial registered on ANZCTR


Registration number
ACTRN12606000470594
Ethics application status
Approved
Date submitted
7/11/2006
Date registered
13/11/2006
Date last updated
13/11/2006
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Paediatric Exercise and Cardiac Performance Study
Scientific title
A randomised controlled trial of the effect of plasma volume on cardiac performance during short-term high intensity exercise among high school adolescents.
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Cardiac performance in high school adolescents 1447 0
Condition category
Condition code
Cardiovascular 1542 1542 0 0
Normal development and function of the cardiovascular system

Intervention/exposure
Study type
Interventional
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Oral fluid loading using sport drinks (Gatorade R) immediately prior to exercise. Gatorade is a about half normal saline with 8% dextrose. On average for each 100 mL it contains Carbohydrate 6.3g;], Sodium 47mg, and Potassium 22.5mg.

A single session baseline exercise assessment will be conducted 1 week before the intervention. Each subject will be perform a running exercise in the upright position on a treadmill (TrackmasterR TMX425 treadmill) with a complete penal of metabolic parameters collected using the MedgraphicsR CPX/D breath by breath gas exchange system. Subjects will be evaluated according to the Bruce protocol to the point of exhaustion usually 25-30 minutes after the warm-up period.

At the retesting session, subjects in the treatment group will receive Gatorade 20mL/Kg 15 minutes prior to the exercise assessment. The same routine of exercise will be performed by each subject and in the same manner as the baseline session.
Intervention code [1] 1432 0
Other interventions
Comparator / control treatment
Subjects in the control group will not be pre-loaded with oral fluid before exercise.
Control group
Active

Outcomes
Primary outcome [1] 2130 0
The main outcomes of the study are the cardiac function measurements using the change of stroke volume SV (mL/beat) as the primary indicator. Fifteen minutes prior to the retesting exercise session, subjects in the treatment group will be pre-loaded with oral fluid. The difference between the baseline and retesting measures will be calculated as the change in SV. All cardiac function measurements will be made through a transcutaneous approach using the Ultrasonic Cardiac Output Monitor (USCOM) using a 3.3 hertz transducer.
Timepoint [1] 2130 0
The stroke volume will be assessed at the single baseline exercise session, as well as the single retesting exercise session. At each session the SV will be measured at the following timepoints: 1) at a resting stage immediately before the exercise; 2) at a significant exercise stage (30% VO2max); 3) at a sub-maximal stage (50% VO2max); 4) at a maximal exercise stage (75%VO2max); 5) at the point of exhaustion; and 6) 3 minutes post exercise.
Secondary outcome [1] 3689 0
Secondary outcomes include cardiac output (L/min), Cardiac Index (L/min/m2).
Timepoint [1] 3689 0
These outcomes will be assessed at the single baseline exercise session, as well as the single retesting exercise session. At each session these outcomes will be measured at the following timepoints: 1) at a resting stage immediately before the exercise; 2) at a significant exercise stage (30% VO2max); 3) at a sub-maximal stage (50% VO2max); 4) at a maximal exercise stage (75%VO2max); 5) at the point of exhaustion; and 6) 3 minutes post exercise. Fifteen minutes prior to the retesting exercise session, subjects in the treatment group will be pre-loaded with oral fluid. The difference between the baseline and retesting measures will be calculated as the change in SV. All cardiac function measurements will be made through a transcutaneous approach using the Ultrasonic Cardiac Output Monitor (USCOM) using a 3.3 hertz transducer.

Eligibility
Key inclusion criteria
High school adolescents, both males and females, aged between 12 and 16 years who are physically fit and are free of known illnesses or diseases that may affect their exercise ability. Due to the fact that the study is specifically aiming to develop hydration strategies for elite and even professional sports players and young people who usually involve in high intensity exercise, ordinary adolescents are not considered as the target population. Potential subjects will be recruited only from regional high schools that are designated as centres of excellence for Sports, hence, the inclusion criteria are the high school students aged between 12 and 16 years who are attending one of the regional Sports High School within the catchment areas of he Sydney West Area Health Services.
Minimum age
12 Years
Maximum age
16 Years
Gender
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
No
Key exclusion criteria
Students who are diagnosed with any chronic illnesses and diseases that may affect their exercise ability and students who are diagnosed as over weight and obese will not be included in the study.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Prevention
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Allocation is not concealed
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Stratifed allocation according to age and gender in the target population
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?



Intervention assignment
Parallel
Other design features
The exercise physiologist who will be conducting the exercise assessment is blinded to the treatment status of the subjects
Phase
Type of endpoint(s)
Efficacy
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment
Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Anticipated
Actual
Date of last participant enrolment
Anticipated
Actual
Date of last data collection
Anticipated
Actual
Sample size
Target
Accrual to date
Final
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 1682 0
Commercial sector/Industry
Name [1] 1682 0
Gatorade International
Address [1] 1682 0
Country [1] 1682 0
Primary sponsor type
Individual
Name
Gary J Browne
Address
Country
Secondary sponsor category [1] 1484 0
None
Name [1] 1484 0
Nil
Address [1] 1484 0
Country [1] 1484 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Approved
Ethics committee name [1] 3128 0
The Children's Hospital at Westmead Ethics Committee
Ethics committee address [1] 3128 0
Ethics committee country [1] 3128 0
Australia
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 3128 0
Approval date [1] 3128 0
03/03/2006
Ethics approval number [1] 3128 0
2005/106

Summary
Brief summary
The health benefits of proper hydration have long been recognized. A major component of the hydration process involves thirst which, depending on drinking availability, leads to voluntary fluid intake. Exercising to fatigue (which commonly occurs in adolescent athletes) creates conditions that are similar to acute dehydration. Acutely, fluid restoration is effective in restoring fluid balance in these situations and improving exercise performance.
Adolescent athletes are particularly prone to the effects of acute dehydration during exercise. They frequently remain unaware or simply ignore thirst during exercise which may result in significant dehydration leading to poor exercise performance. The physiological effects of dehydration are well documented in athletes. In particular acute dehydration with exercise results in impaired of cardiac performance and inefficient oxygen delivery to the tissues, being a critical factor in severely limiting peak exercise performance very early on in exercise. The most important issue to remember here is that this impairment in exercise performance is preventable with an appropriate hydration strategy.
Strategies utilizing oral fluid loading using sports drinks immediately prior to exercise have the potential to reduce the negative effects that early dehydration may have on cardiac performance. Current research supports a continued increase in Stroke Volume (SV) during exercise. This increase may well be augmented in adolescent athletes by a hydration strategy that preloads with oral fluid immediately prior to exercise. This is the underlying hypothesis of the study. If the hypothesis is proven to be correct, that preloading with oral fluid improves cardiac performance in adolescent athletes then the same can be said of older children during exercise. We would then have a scientifically proven hydration strategy for use in older children to prevent early dehydration with exercise and produce maximum exercise performance.
This is a blinded randomise controlled trial involving 350 childhood athletes attending sports high schools in the Sydney West region. Participants are initially randomised to two groups. All participants are evaluated at baseline for hydration status, aerobic exercise and cardiac performance. The participants are then reevaluated 1 week later with hydration status controlled 24 hours prior to retesting. One group will be the intervention group (being preloaded immediately prior to exercise with oral fluid equivalent to half normal saline) and will receive GatoradeR 20mL/kg 15 minutes prior to exercise. All participants are then retested to determine differences in hydration status, aerobic exercise performance and cardiac performance between groups.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Contacts
Principal investigator
Name 27366 0
Address 27366 0
Country 27366 0
Phone 27366 0
Fax 27366 0
Email 27366 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 10621 0
Gary J Browne
Address 10621 0
Corner Hawkesbury Road
and Hainsworth Street
Locked Bag 4001
Westmead NSW 2145
Country 10621 0
Australia
Phone 10621 0
(02) 9845 0761
Fax 10621 0
Email 10621 0
gary.b@optusnet.com.au
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 1549 0
Gary J Browne
Address 1549 0
Corner Hawkesbury Road
and Hainsworth Street
Locked Bag 4001
Westmead NSW 2145
Country 1549 0
Australia
Phone 1549 0
(02) 9845 0761
Fax 1549 0
Email 1549 0
gary.b@optusnet.com.au

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
No Results