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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Not yet submitted
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Date data sharing statement initially provided
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
CardiacRehabPlus: Innovation to improve outcomes for TIA and cardiac rehabilitation patients
Scientific title
Is the CardiacRehabPlus model feasible for transient ischaemic attack/minor stroke and cardiac rehabilitation patients in addressing balance and gait deficits?
Secondary ID [1] 297043 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Stroke 311032 0
Transient Ischaemic Attack (TIA) 311033 0
Cardiovascular disease 311034 0
Condition category
Condition code
Stroke 309675 309675 0 0
Stroke 309676 309676 0 0
Cardiovascular 309677 309677 0 0
Coronary heart disease

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
All participants will receive the standard 8 week cardiac rehabilitation program of physical activity and education delivered by cardiac rehab staff. Each weekly session consists of 30 minutes strength exercise, such as bicep curls or squats, and 30 minutes aerobic exercise, such as walking on a treadmill or riding an exercise bike. Intensity is monitored using the Borg RPE scale targeting a range of 12-14. Standard education modules include cardiac risk factor modification, stress management and mindfulness, medications and management, importance of physical exercise, blood sugar levels, healthy eating and food label reading. To encourage compliance participants receive a phone call should they not attend two sessions in a row. Graduation from the program only occurs once a participant attends eight sessions. The Plus component of the CardiacRehabPlus (CR+) program will comprise of additional balance and gait assessment performed by research staff for Transient Ischaemic Attack/minor stroke (TIA/mS) and cardiac cohorts at baseline and on completion of the program. There will also be additional education modules tailored to the TIA/mS cohort. Balance and agility exercises will be offered to both TIA/mS and cardiac patients presenting with balance or gait deficits at completion of the 8 week program. The additional balance and agility exercise will be provided by research physiotherapists and will be based on the OtagoPlus program, which has been shown to be effective in improving mild balance/gait dysfunction. The balance and agility exercise program will be a 4 week centre based weekly group (45 mins) with a maximum of 4 participants. Between group sessions, participants will be encouraged to do a home exercise program five days per week (approximately 20–30 min each time) for four weeks. Exercises will be selected by the intervention physiotherapist from the kits of the exercises from the Otago Exercise Program and/or the Visual Health Information—Health Promotion Resources Balance and Vestibular exercise kit. Examples of the exercises included tandem walks, tandem stances, figure 8 walking, backwards walking. Exercises will be prescribed based on assessment findings and clinical judgement so participants perform at moderate intensity that challenged participants' balance. Participants will be provided with an exercise diary and these will be checked weekly to assist adherence to the home program.
Intervention code [1] 313321 0
Intervention code [2] 313569 0
Treatment: Other
Comparator / control treatment
No control group
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 318644 0
Feasibility - number of patients in both cohorts completing the 8 week CR+ program - recorded on a session attendance record
Timepoint [1] 318644 0
within one week of completion of CardiacRahabPlus program
Primary outcome [2] 318645 0
Feasibility - time required to undertake balance, gait and agility assessment - recorded on a time sheet by research staff
Timepoint [2] 318645 0
within one week of completion of CardiacRahabPlus program
Primary outcome [3] 318956 0
Acceptability - of participants in being involved in cardiac rehabilitation program - assessed by survey of participants completing cardiac rehabilitation program
Timepoint [3] 318956 0
within one week of completion of CardiacRahabPlus program
Secondary outcome [1] 365578 0
Composite measure - Change in measures of balance - Step test and functional reach test following current standard cardiac rehabilitation program
Timepoint [1] 365578 0
within one week of completion of CardiacRahabPlus program
Secondary outcome [2] 366295 0
Composite measure. For participants with balance and gait deficits at the completion of the cardiac rehabilitation program, change in measures of balance - step test and functional reach, following balance and agility exercises
Timepoint [2] 366295 0
at 4 weeks post completion of the cardiac rehabilitation program

Key inclusion criteria
• Aged 18 and over
• Diagnosis of first ever TIA or minor stroke confirmed by a neurologist (determined clinically through questioning of participant or medical records) (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score of <5)
• Living in the community (home, independent living unit, retirement village)
• Prior to TIA or minor stroke able to ambulate independently outdoors with/without a gait aid
• Able to communicate in English
• Able to provide informed consent
• Having medical clearance to undertake an exercise program
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Participants will be excluded if they have any other neurological conditions

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Non-randomised trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Masking / blinding
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment hospital [1] 12864 0
St Vincent's Hospital (Melbourne) Ltd - Fitzroy
Recruitment hospital [2] 12865 0
St Vincent's Private Hospital - Kew
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 25340 0
3065 - Fitzroy

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 301612 0
Name [1] 301612 0
Vanguard Heart Foundation
Address [1] 301612 0
Research Program
Heart Foundation
Level , 850 Collins St
Docklands Vic 3008
Country [1] 301612 0
Funding source category [2] 301613 0
Name [2] 301613 0
St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne
Address [2] 301613 0
Research Endowment Fund
St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne
41 Victoria Parade, Fitzroy, Victoria 3065
Country [2] 301613 0
Primary sponsor type
National Ageing Research Institute
34-45 Poplar Road
Vic 3052
Secondary sponsor category [1] 301315 0
Name [1] 301315 0
Address [1] 301315 0
Country [1] 301315 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Not yet submitted
Ethics committee name [1] 302339 0
St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne Human Research Ethics Committee
Ethics committee address [1] 302339 0
St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne
41 Victoria Parade
Fitzroy VIC 3065
Ethics committee country [1] 302339 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 302339 0
Approval date [1] 302339 0
Ethics approval number [1] 302339 0

Brief summary
Transient ischemic attack and minor stroke (TIA/mS) are common cerebrovascular events affecting tens of thousands of Australians. People with TIA/mS usually receive minimal, if any, rehabilitation despite high risk of further stroke, and in many, mild balance and gait problems. Also, people who have had a cardiac event are offered cardiac rehabilitation but do not necessarily have their balance assessed. This project addresses these two substantial gaps. People with TIA/mS will receive rehabilitation through existing cardiac rehabilitation services and the people with cardiac conditions who are participating in cardiac rehabilitation programs will be assessed for balance and gait dysfunction. If deficits are identified, balance and agility exercises will be provided.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 89878 0
Dr Frances Batchelor
Address 89878 0
National Ageing Research Institute
34-45 Poplar Road
Parkville Vic 3050
Country 89878 0
Phone 89878 0
+61 3 8387 2383
Fax 89878 0
Email 89878 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 89879 0
Ms Sue Williams
Address 89879 0
National Ageing Research Institute
34-45 Poplar Road
Parkville Vic 3050
Country 89879 0
Phone 89879 0
+61 3 83872614
Fax 89879 0
Email 89879 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 89880 0
Dr Frances Batchelor
Address 89880 0
National Ageing Research Institute
34-45 Poplar Road
Parkville Vic 3050
Country 89880 0
Phone 89880 0
+61 3 8387 2383
Fax 89880 0
Email 89880 0

Data sharing statement
Will individual participant data (IPD) for this trial be available (including data dictionaries)?
No/undecided IPD sharing reason/comment
The study is a pilot study.
What supporting documents are/will be available?
No other documents available
Summary results
No Results