The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been endorsed by the ANZCTR. Before participating in a study, talk to your health care provider and refer to this information for consumers
Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Date data sharing statement initially provided
Date results information initially provided
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
A phase 2 trial of durvalumab with first line chemotherapy in mesothelioma with a safety run in.
Scientific title
A phase 2 trial of durvalumab with first line chemotherapy in mesothelioma with a safety run in.

Secondary ID [1] 289567 0
CTC 0142/ALTG 15/003
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM). 299297 0
Condition category
Condition code
Cancer 299292 299292 0 0
Lung - Mesothelioma

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
A safety run-in phase will be conducted to confirm the tolerability of the standard dose of durvalumab. The safety run-in of the study will be done at a limited number of study sites, once the durvalumab dose is confirmed recruitment will be expanded to all sites for the remainder of the trial.

Durvalumab 1125mg (dose to be confirmed by safety run in) AND chemotherapy (cisplatin 75mg/m2 and pemetrexed 500 mg/m2) are all given intravenously (IV) on day 1, repeated every 3 weeks for a maximum of 6 cycles. If there is no progression, continue durvalumab 1125mg IV on day 1 every 3 weeks for a maximum of an additional 12 cycles (18 cycles in total).

The study intervention will be delivered by experienced medical oncologists and their teams within a hospital based treatment facility.
Intervention code [1] 295164 0
Treatment: Drugs
Comparator / control treatment
No control group.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 298784 0
Progression free survival at 6 months (PFS6) according to mRECIST for MPM.
Timepoint [1] 298784 0
6 months PFS measured from the date of trial entry until the date that disease progression is first observed, or the date of death from any cause, whichever occurs first.
Secondary outcome [1] 325190 0
The objective tumour response rate is defined as the proportion (percentage) of participants with a confirmed response of either Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) assessed by the investigator according to modified RECIST criteria for assessment of response in malignant pleural mesothelioma and according to modified immune-related response criteria (modified irRC).
Timepoint [1] 325190 0
For each participant, objective response will be based on evaluable response assessments performed up until progression or commencement of non-protocol anti-cancer therapy, whichever occurs first.
Secondary outcome [2] 326610 0
Frequency and severity of adverse events (as per CTCAE v4.03).
Timepoint [2] 326610 0
Adverse Events will be recorded from the first dose of study treatment until 90 days after cessation of study treatment.
Secondary outcome [3] 326611 0
Progression free survival (PFS) according to mRECIST for MPM and mirRC.
Timepoint [3] 326611 0
PFS is measured from the date of registration until the date that disease progression is first observed, or the date of death from any cause, whichever occurs first. The date of first disease progression based on imaging is that of the first positive scan, even if this is determined in retrospect.
Secondary outcome [4] 326612 0
Overall survival (OS).
Timepoint [4] 326612 0
OS is defined as the interval from the date of registration to the date of death from any cause.
Secondary outcome [5] 366477 0
Tertiary exploratory outcome: Associations between clinical outcomes and potential predictive/prognostic biomarkers (including but not limited to STAT activation, leucocyte sub-sets, tumour PD-L1 expression, T cell receptor repertoire and tumour gene expression signatures).
Timepoint [5] 366477 0
At EOS (2 years post enrolment of final patient)

Key inclusion criteria
1. Adults (18 years or over) with a histological or cytological diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma that is not amendable to curative surgical resection
2. Measurable disease as per modified RECIST criteria for assessment of response in malignant pleural mesothelioma
3. ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
4. Tumour tissue (FFPE) available for PD-L1 testing at a central laboratory
5. Must have measurable disease without prior radiotherapy to these sites
6. Adequate bone marrow function (done within 28 days prior to registration and with values within the ranges specified below). Blood transfusions are permissible.
* Haemoglobin greater than or equal to 90 g/L
* Absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1.5 x 109/L
* Platelets greater than or equal to 100 x 109/L
7. Adequate liver function (done within 28 days prior to registration and with values within the ranges specified below):
* Alanine transaminase less than or equal to 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN), unless liver metastases or invasion are present, in which case it must be less than or equal to 5 x ULN
* Aspartate aminotransferase less than or equal to 3 x ULN, unless liver metastases or invasion are present, in which case it must be less than or equal to 5 x ULN
* Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN (except participants with Gilbert’s Syndrome, who are eligible with bilirubin less than or equal to 2.5 ULN)
8. Adequate renal function (done within 28 days prior to registration and with values within the ranges specified below):
* Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x ULN
* Creatinine clearance (CrCl) greater than or equal to 60 mL/min (use Cockroft-Gault formula)
9. Willing and able to comply with all study requirements, including treatment, timing and/or nature of required assessments
10. Signed, written informed consent
11. Women must be post-menopausal, infertile, or use a reliable means of contraception. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test done within 24 hours prior to enrolment. Men must have been surgically sterilised or use a (double if required) barrier method of contraception if they are sexually active with a woman of child bearing potential.
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
1. Prior chemotherapy or other systemic anti-cancer or immunotherapy for MPM
2. Active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Participants are not excluded if they have vitiligo, type 1 diabetes mellitus, Grave’s disease, residual hypothyroidism due to an autoimmune condition requiring only hormone replacement, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment within the past 2 years.
3. Any condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (>10mg daily prednisone or equivalent dose of an alternative corticosteroid) or other immunosuppressive medications within 28 days of durvalumab administration. Intranasal, inhaled or topical steroids are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
4. Participants with symptomatic or uncontrolled brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease are excluded. Controlled brain metastases are those which have been treated and are radiologically and/or clinically stable, and the patient is asymptomatic and does not require corticosteroids.
5. Prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, (including durvalumab) anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T cell co-stimulation or immune checkpoint pathways
6. Current treatment or treatment within the last 12 months with any investigational products
7. Life expectancy of less than 24 weeks
8. History of another malignancy within 5 years prior to enrolment. Participants with a past history of adequately treated carcinoma-in-situ, basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder are eligible. Participants with a history of other malignancies are eligible if they have been continuously disease free for at least 5 years after definitive primary treatment.
9. Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) greater than or equal to 470 ms calculated from 3 electrocardiograms using Fridericia’s Correction (QTc equal to QT/RR1/3)
10. Hearing loss or peripheral neuropathy considered by the investigators to contraindicate cisplatin administration
11. History of hypersensitivity to investigational product, cisplatin/pemetrexed or any excipient
12. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive cardiac failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis, active bleeding diatheses, hepatitis B, hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus
13. Known history of interstitial lung disease from any cause
14. Known history of primary immunodeficiency, allogeneic organ transplant, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis), pneumonitis or active tuberculosis
15. Receipt of live attenuated vaccination within 30 days prior to enrolment or within 30 days of receiving durvalumab
16. Specific comorbidities or conditions or concomitant medications which may interact with the investigational product(s)
17. Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with evaluation of study treatment or interpretation of patient safety or study results
18. Serious medical or psychiatric conditions that might limit the ability of the patient to comply with the protocol.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Non-randomised trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Not applicable
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Not applicable
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Single group
Other design features
Phase 1 / Phase 2
Type of endpoint/s
Statistical methods / analysis
The study will begin with an initial safety run-in using a 3+3 design and an expected accrual of 6 participants. These participants will be included in the total sample size of 54 evaluable participants, consisting of 31 recruited in stage 1, and another 23 recruited in stage 2. The null hypothesis is that the true PFS6 rate is 45%, which is in keeping with standard therapy and would be considered not worthy of further evaluation. With a one-sided type I error rate of 5%, the two-stage design provides greater than 90% power if the true PFS6 rate is 65% (alternate hypothesis).

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment hospital [1] 6450 0
Northern Cancer Institute - St Leonards
Recruitment hospital [2] 6451 0
The Chris O’Brien Lifehouse - Camperdown
Recruitment hospital [3] 6452 0
Coffs Harbour Base Hospital - Coffs Harbour
Recruitment hospital [4] 6453 0
Nepean Hospital - Kingswood
Recruitment hospital [5] 6455 0
The Prince Charles Hospital - Chermside
Recruitment hospital [6] 6456 0
Princess Alexandra Hospital - Woolloongabba
Recruitment hospital [7] 6457 0
Flinders Medical Centre - Bedford Park
Recruitment hospital [8] 6459 0
Austin Health - Austin Hospital - Heidelberg
Recruitment hospital [9] 6462 0
Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital - Nedlands
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 14004 0
2050 - Camperdown
Recruitment postcode(s) [2] 14095 0
2065 - St Leonards
Recruitment postcode(s) [3] 14005 0
2450 - Coffs Harbour
Recruitment postcode(s) [4] 14012 0
3084 - Heidelberg
Recruitment postcode(s) [5] 14008 0
4032 - Chermside
Recruitment postcode(s) [6] 14009 0
4102 - Woolloongabba
Recruitment postcode(s) [7] 14010 0
5042 - Bedford Park
Recruitment postcode(s) [8] 14015 0
6009 - Nedlands

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 294273 0
Commercial sector/Industry
Name [1] 294273 0
AstraZeneca Pty Ltd
Country [1] 294273 0
Primary sponsor type
University of Sydney
NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre
Level 6, Medical Foundation Bld (K25)
92-94 Parramatta Rd
Camperdown NSW 2050
Secondary sponsor category [1] 293109 0
Name [1] 293109 0
Address [1] 293109 0
Country [1] 293109 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 295705 0
SLHD Ethics Committee (RPAH zone)
Ethics committee address [1] 295705 0
Suite 210A
RPA Medical Centre
Cnr Missenden Road and Carillon Avenue
Ethics committee country [1] 295705 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 295705 0
Approval date [1] 295705 0
Ethics approval number [1] 295705 0
X-16-0234 and HREC/16/RPAH/287

Brief summary
This study will investigate the effectiveness of durvalumab in combination with standard chemotherapy for mesothelioma.

Who is it for?
You may be eligible to join this study if you are aged 18 years or above, have had a diagnosis of malignant pleural mesothelioma that is not amenable to curative surgical resection.

Study details
All participants in the study will receive standard first-line chemotherapy for mesothelioma and the new treatment, durvalumab, intravenously on day 1 of each 3 week cycle for a maximum number of 18 cycles.

Participants will be followed-up for a minimum of 12 months to determine progression free survival and tumour response rate.

Durvalumab is an antibody (a type of human protein) that works by blocking a body substance called PD-L1. Blocking PD-L1 helps the body’s immune system to attack cancer cells. Research has shown that durvalumab can slow tumour growth and shrink tumours in some people with cancer. We plan to enrol 54 participants in this study from hospitals and clinics throughout Australia. Durvalumab is currently an experimental treatment. This means that it is not yet approved for the treatment of mesothelioma, or any other condition, in Australia, or in other countries.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 67014 0
Prof Anna Nowak
Address 67014 0
Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital
c/o Medical Oncology
Hospital Ave
WA 6009
Country 67014 0
Phone 67014 0
+61 8 6151 1078
Fax 67014 0
Email 67014 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 67015 0
Ms DREAM Trial Operations Coordinator
Address 67015 0
NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre
Locked Bag 77
NSW 1450
Country 67015 0
Phone 67015 0
+61 2 9562 5000
Fax 67015 0
Email 67015 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 67016 0
Prof Anna Nowak
Address 67016 0
Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital
c/o Medical Oncology
Hospital Ave
WA 6009
Country 67016 0
Phone 67016 0
+61 8 6151 1078
Fax 67016 0
Email 67016 0

Data sharing statement
Will individual participant data (IPD) for this trial be available (including data dictionaries)?
What data in particular will be shared?
Participant data supporting the publication results. Consent to provide case level data has not been obtained. IPD may be shared where a specific secondary research proposal receives a waiver of consent from our ethics committee.
When will data be available (start and end dates)?
Data are available for an indefinite time
Start date: January 2024
End date: Unknown
Available to whom?
Data are potentially available to any research organisation or researcher with a valid ethics approval to conduct desired research based in Australia and New Zealand.
Available for what types of analyses?
Any type of analysis
How or where can data be obtained?
As of 1st July 2023, access can be requested via the Health Data Australia catalogue ( Search for the ACTRN number in the catalogue to find datasets associated with this trial.

What supporting documents are/will be available?

Current supporting documents:
Doc. No.TypeCitationLinkEmailOther DetailsAttachment
21735Data dictionary

Updated to:
Doc. No.TypeCitationLinkEmailOther DetailsAttachment
21735Data dictionary

Results publications and other study-related documents

Documents added manually
TypeIs Peer Reviewed?DOICitations or Other DetailsAttachment
Study results articleYes Durvalumab with first-line chemotherapy in previou... [More Details]
Plain language summaryNo DREAM: a phase 2 trial of DuRvalumab with first li... [More Details]

Documents added automatically
SourceTitleYear of PublicationDOI
EmbaseImmunotherapy in MPM.2017
EmbaseBiomarkers in malignant pleural mesothelioma: Current status and future directions.2018
EmbaseCurrent status and progress in immunotherapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma.2022
EmbaseImmunotherapy approaches for malignant pleural mesothelioma.2022
EmbasePD-1/PD-L1 Checkpoint Inhibitor Immunotherapy for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: Case Series and Literature Review.2021
EmbaseOncological frontiers in the treatment of malignant pleural mesothelioma.2021
EmbaseEmerging avenues in immunotherapy for the management of malignant pleural mesothelioma.2021
EmbaseTreatment of unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma in 2021: Emerging standards in immunotherapy.2021
EmbaseImmunotherapy for mesothelioma: A critical review of current clinical trials and future perspectives.2020
EmbaseFully human antibodies for malignant pleural mesothelioma targeting.2020
EmbaseDurvalumab with first-line chemotherapy in previously untreated malignant pleural mesothelioma (DREAM): a multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 trial with a safety run-in.2020
EmbaseA multicentre randomised phase III trial comparing pembrolizumab versus single-agent chemotherapy for advanced pre-treated malignant pleural mesothelioma: the European Thoracic Oncology Platform (ETOP 9-15) PROMISE-meso trial.2020
Dimensions AIImmunotherapy of mesothelioma: the evolving change of a long-standing therapeutic dream2024
Dimensions AIResearch Progress of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma2021
Dimensions AIGenomic Instability and Protumoral Inflammation Are Associated with Primary Resistance to Anti–PD-1 + Antiangiogenesis in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma2023
Dimensions AIOA08.01 Long-Term Efficacy and Safety of Nivolumab in Second- or Third-Line Japanese Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Patients (Phase II: MERIT Study)2018
Dimensions AIOA07.07 PFS and OS Beyond 5 years of NSCLC Patients with Synchronous Oligometastases Treated in a Prospective Phase II Trial (NCT 01282450)2018
Dimensions AIOA08.02 DREAM - A Phase 2 Trial of Durvalumab with First Line Chemotherapy in Mesothelioma: Final Result2018