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Trial registered on ANZCTR


Registration number
ACTRN12616000845437
Ethics application status
Approved
Date submitted
24/04/2016
Date registered
28/06/2016
Date last updated
28/06/2016
Type of registration
Retrospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Role of Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio in Early Detection of Septic Complications After Major Operations
Scientific title
Role of Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio in Early Detection of Septic Complications After Major Operations
Secondary ID [1] 289076 0
None
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
U1111-1180-7385
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Post operative sepsis 298524 0
Condition category
Condition code
Surgery 298612 298612 0 0
Other surgery
Infection 298735 298735 0 0
Other infectious diseases

Intervention/exposure
Study type
Observational
Patient registry
False
Target follow-up duration
Target follow-up type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Patients undergoing major operations that require post-operative intensive care unit care will be observed for development of postoperative sepsis.
Routine blood investigations are sent daily in the intensive care unit. We will calculate neutrophil-lymphocyte count from the complete blood count sent as a routine investigation. We will calculate neutrophil lymphocyte ratio on post-operative day 1 and day 2 and follow up the participants till discharge from the hospital.
Intervention code [1] 294582 0
Early Detection / Screening
Comparator / control treatment
No Control Group
Control group
Uncontrolled

Outcomes
Primary outcome [1] 298102 0
Postoperative sepsis
Post-operative sepsis will be defined as per ACCP/SCCM guidelines.
Sepsis The systemic response to infection, manifested by two or more of the following conditions: (1) temperature >38 degree Celsius or <36 degree Celsius (2;) heart rate >90 beats per minute; (3) respiratory rate >20 breaths per minute or PaCO2, <32 mm Hg; and (4) white blood cell count >12,000/cu mm, <4,000/cu mm, or >10% immature (band) forms.

All patients with suspected sepsis will be worked up to identify the source of sepsis with chest x-ray, sputum gram stain and culture sensitivity (if Chest X-ray is suggestive of pneumonia), urinary routine and culture sensitivity,ultrasound / computed tomography and other investigations will be done if clinically indicated Urinary tract infection will be diagnosed based on presence of pus cell >3 0r more White blood cell in unspun urine sample in microscopic examination and/or positive urine culture. Pneumonia will be diagnosed if the chest x-ray shows infiltrate and/or presence of pus cells in gram’s stain and positive sputum culture. Abscess or peritonitis will be diagnosed based on clinical and radiological examination


Reference
Bone RC, Balk RA, Cerra FB, Dellinger RP, Fein AM, Knaus WA, et al. Definitions for sepsis and organ failure and guidelines for the use of innovative therapies in sepsis. The ACCP/SCCM Consensus Conference Committee. American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine. 1992. Chest. 2009 Nov;136(5 Suppl):e28
Timepoint [1] 298102 0
The patient will be assessed daily till the time of discharge from ICU.
Primary outcome [2] 298616 0
Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio will be calculated as ratio of Neutrophil to Lymphocyte count.
The value of this ratio will be compared between the groups of patient with and without postoperative sepsis.
Timepoint [2] 298616 0
Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio will be calculated on the postoperative day 1 and 2.
Secondary outcome [1] 323183 0
SIRS without sepsis
SIRS will be defined as per ACCP/SCCM guidelines.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) The systemic inflammatory response to a variety of severe clinical insults. The response is manifested by two or more of the following conditions:
(1) temperature >38 degree Celsius or <36 Celsius C(2;) heart rate >90 beats per minute; (3) respiratory rate >20 breaths per minute or PaCO2, <32 mm Hg; and (4) white blood cell count >12,000/cu mm, <4,000/cu mm, or >10% immature (band) forms.

Timepoint [1] 323183 0
The patient will be assessed daily till the time of discharge from ICU.

Eligibility
Key inclusion criteria
Patients undergoing major operations requiring intensive care unit admission postoperatively.
Operations involving opening of the body cavities will be considered as major operations. Operations involving abdomen and chest will be included in this study.
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Gender
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
No
Key exclusion criteria
Patients undergoing emergency operations
Pre- operative use of anti-inflammatory drugs
Pre-operative use of chemotherapy and steroids
Patients with haematological malignancy
Patient not giving consent for the study

Study design
Purpose
Screening
Duration
Cross-sectional
Selection
Convenience sample
Timing
Prospective
Statistical methods / analysis
Statistical analysis will be performed using SPSS software(version 20.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). Data for the clinical characteristics of patients will be expressed as median(25th–75th percentile). The clinical characteristics of the patients will be compared using the chi-square test or the Mann–Whitney U-test according to the variable type and the data distribution. The Mann–Whitney U-test will be performed for two independent groups. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test will be performed for intragroup changes. P<0.05 will be considered to be significant.The accuracy of NLR in the prediction of postoperative septic complications will be assessed by comparing the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC-ROC).

n=Z^2(pq )/ e^2 = 122
Z=1.96 prevalence in reference study (p)= 8.7% q= 1- p= 91.3% error(e)= 5 %
Above formula of sample calculation was used to determine the sample size. In reference study prevalence of post operative sepsis is 8.7%.
Level of statistical significane = 5%
Effect size = 20%
Power = 1- beta Beta = 20%
Power= 1- 20%=80%


Recruitment
Recruitment status
Recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Anticipated
Actual
Date of last participant enrolment
Anticipated
Actual
Date of last data collection
Anticipated
Actual
Sample size
Target
Accrual to date
Final
Recruitment outside Australia
Country [1] 7837 0
Nepal
State/province [1] 7837 0
Bagmati

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 293452 0
Self funded/Unfunded
Name [1] 293452 0
Tanka Prasad Bohara
Address [1] 293452 0
Department of Surgery
Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital
184, Babu Ram Acharya Sadak
Sinamangal
Kathmandu
Nepal
44600
Country [1] 293452 0
Nepal
Primary sponsor type
Individual
Name
Tanka Prasad Bohara
Address
Department of Surgery
Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital
184, Babu Ram Acharya Sadak
Sinamangal
Kathmandu
Nepal
44600
Country
Nepal
Secondary sponsor category [1] 292274 0
Individual
Name [1] 292274 0
Uttam Laudari
Address [1] 292274 0
Department of Surgery
Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital
184, Babu Ram Acharya Sadak
Sinamangal
Kathmandu
Nepal
44600
Country [1] 292274 0
Nepal

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Approved
Ethics committee name [1] 294896 0
Kathmandu Medical College Public Ltd. Institutional Review Committee
Ethics committee address [1] 294896 0
Kathmandu Medical College
Institutional Review Committee
PO Box 21266
Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital
184, Babu Ram Acharya Sadak
Sinamangal
Kathmandu
Nepal
44600
Ethics committee country [1] 294896 0
Nepal
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 294896 0
03/03/2016
Approval date [1] 294896 0
08/04/2016
Ethics approval number [1] 294896 0
08042016

Summary
Brief summary
Recent advances in medical and surgical techniques with a better understanding of the pathophysiology of disease condition have made operations safe. However, post-operative sepsis remains a dreaded complication. Early identification and prompt treatment have shown to be effective in decreasing morbidity and mortality associated with septic complications.
Various biochemical markers such as serum lactate level, interleukin 6 (IL-6), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP)etc have shown to be early markers of subsequent post-operative sepsis. But these investigations are not universally available and are relatively expensive. These limits their use most of the centres. Recently there has been interest in Neutrophil Lymphocyte ratio (NLR) as a marker of inflammation and its clinical use as a septic marker.
Zahorec et al studied 90 oncological patients who had undergone elective, emergency operations and medical intensive care patients treated for severe sepsis and septic shock. They showed a correlation between the severity of clinical course grades of neutrophilia and lymphocytopenia. They suggested that the term Neutrophil-lymphocyte stress factor which is a ratio of neutrophil to lymphocyte counts.
Since then NLR has been used and studied in various clinical settings such as bacteremia, sepsis, acute pancreatitis, and acute cholecystitis, prognostic markers in esophageal and colonic malignancy. NLR has also been used as a surrogate marker of resectability in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. NLR has also been studied in cardiovascular patients
and patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft as a prognostic marker.
P. G. Vaughan-Shaw et al studied C-reactive protein (CRP) and NLR in outcome prediction after emergency abdominal surgery in the elderly patients. They used mortality at 30 days, 6 months and 12 months as end points. They identified NLR to be an independent predictor of 30-day outcome in multivariate analysis. Gurol et al studied NLR and compared with PCT level to identify the NLR cut off for bacteremia by using PCT as a reference. They found a positive correlation between PCT and NLR (0.2582, p<0.001). They suggested the cut-off value of = 5 as the marker of bacteremia and sepsis.
Though NLR has been studied in various clinical settings it has not been studied as the marker of postoperative sepsis. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of NLR as an early predictor of postoperative septic complications.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Contacts
Principal investigator
Name 65370 0
Dr Tanka Prasad Bohara
Address 65370 0
Department of Surgery
Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital
184, Babu Ram Acharya Sadak
Sinamangal
Kathmandu
Nepal
44600
Country 65370 0
Nepal
Phone 65370 0
+9779841352378
Fax 65370 0
Email 65370 0
tankaprasad.bohara@gmail.com
Contact person for public queries
Name 65371 0
Dr Tanka Prasad Bohara
Address 65371 0
Department of Surgery
Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital
184, Babu Ram Acharya Sadak
Sinamangal
Kathmandu
Nepal
44600
Country 65371 0
Nepal
Phone 65371 0
+9779841352378
Fax 65371 0
Email 65371 0
tankaprasad.bohara@gmail.com
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 65372 0
Dr Tanka Prasad Bohara
Address 65372 0
Department of Surgery
Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital
184, Babu Ram Acharya Sadak
Sinamangal
Kathmandu
Nepal
44600
Country 65372 0
Nepal
Phone 65372 0
+9779841352378
Fax 65372 0
Email 65372 0
tankaprasad.bohara@gmail.com

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
No Results