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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Retrospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
The Usefulness of On-site Physiotherapy Triage Services for Professional Orchestral Musicians - A National Study
Scientific title
Uptake and perceived usefulness of on-site triage physiotherapy services for performance-related musculoskeletal disorders by professional orchestral musicians.
Secondary ID [1] 279964 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Performance-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders 285881 0
Condition category
Condition code
Physical Medicine / Rehabilitation 286069 286069 0 0
Musculoskeletal 286070 286070 0 0
Other muscular and skeletal disorders

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Triage clinics were carried out in each of the eight professional Australian symphony orchestras on a fortnightly basis over a 16 week period. The clinics were designed to allow immediate access to an experienced physiotherapist for advice in relation to performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). Clinics were set up for an hour during a designated lunch break between rehearsal calls to facilitate availability. Participants could sign-up to the clinic via an anonymous booking system or attend on the day if there were available appointments. Due to time constraints physiotherapists were advised to keep appointments at an average of 15 minutes.

All triage clinics were conducted by experienced physiotherapists with post-graduate qualifications in sports, musculoskeletal or occupational physiotherapy. Physiotherapists were instructed to assess the participants’ condition and then provide a provisional diagnosis. The participants would then receive one or a combination of: a) education and advice relating to their provisional diagnosis, b) basic acute management and/or c) a referral to a suitable medical practitioner or allied health professional for further consultation or treatment. Each participant completed a three-month follow-up questionnaire to review their response to the advice given, and whether this resulted in changes to the presenting PRMD.
Intervention code [1] 284298 0
Early detection / Screening
Intervention code [2] 284299 0
Comparator / control treatment
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 286549 0
Usefulness of providing on-site physiotherapy services as measured by:
1. Number of participants using the service (uptake)
2. Feedback from participants
Timepoint [1] 286549 0
1. Immediate recording of number of consultations (at time of consultaion)
2. 3 month follow-up survey feedback
Primary outcome [2] 286550 0
Information on performance related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs): prevalence in different body regions, gender differences, instrumental differences.
Timepoint [2] 286550 0
Immediate recording of number of consultations (at time of consultation)
Secondary outcome [1] 296141 0
Likelihood of using this on-site physiotherapy triage service if it was made available at work using a 5 point scale.
Timepoint [1] 296141 0
3 months post-intervention
Secondary outcome [2] 296142 0
Preventability of these performance-related musculoskeletal disorders seen at the on-site physiotherapy triage service as per the opinion of the experienced physiotherapists. This opinion is guided by the following definition: Unpreventable injuries are high-velocity, high-energy collision that coincides with a vulnerable joint poisition and cannot be avoided with appropriate conditioning. Yes/No outcome measure.
Timepoint [2] 296142 0
Secondary outcome [3] 296182 0
Longer term usefulness of the triage service provided using a 5 point Likert rating scale
Timepoint [3] 296182 0
3months post intervention

Key inclusion criteria
Full time position with one of the eight orchestras of Australia (Adelaide Symphony, Sydney Symphony, Melbourne Symphony, West Australian Symphony, Tasmanian Symphony, Opera Victoria, Australian Opera and Ballet, Queensland Symphony).
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Unable to speak fluent english.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Non-randomised trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Allocation is not concealed
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Allocation is not concealed
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Single group
Other design features
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 284731 0
Government body
Name [1] 284731 0
Australian Research Council
Address [1] 284731 0
Level 2, 11 Lancaster Place
Majura Park ACT 2609
Country [1] 284731 0
Funding source category [2] 284732 0
Commercial sector/Industry
Name [2] 284732 0
Australia Council of the Arts
Address [2] 284732 0
372 Elizabeth Street (cnr Cooper Street)
Surry Hills NSW 2010
Country [2] 284732 0
Primary sponsor type
Dr Bronwen Ackermann
Discipline of Biomedical Science, Room L115, Building C42, Cumberland Campus, The University of Sydney, 75 East St, Lidcombe, NSW 2141.
Secondary sponsor category [1] 283628 0
Name [1] 283628 0
A/Prof Tim Driscoll
Address [1] 283628 0
Edward Ford Building, School of Public Health, Camperdown Campus, The University of Sydney, NSW 2005.
Country [1] 283628 0
Other collaborator category [1] 260553 0
Name [1] 260553 0
Mr Cliffton Chan
Address [1] 260553 0
Discipline of Biomedical Science, Building C42, Cumberland Campus, The University of Sydney, 75 East St, Lidcombe, NSW 2141.
Country [1] 260553 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 286739 0
Human Research Ethics Committee
Ethics committee address [1] 286739 0
Level 6
Jane Foss Russell Building G02
University of Sydney NSW 2006
Ethics committee country [1] 286739 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 286739 0
Approval date [1] 286739 0
Ethics approval number [1] 286739 0

Brief summary
The term triage is used to refer to health services that provide a preliminary assessment of patients reporting an injury to then determine an appropriate course of management. This approach has been shown to be successful in many other elite performance domains within the athletic and dance populations. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of on-site physiotherapy triage clinics in a national cohort of professional orchestral musicians. Outcomes will include recording the numbers of musicians using the service, analysing the consultation information from the physiotherapists, and evaluating the 3 month follow up feedback from the musicians on their perceived helpfulness of this service.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 33796 0
Address 33796 0
Country 33796 0
Phone 33796 0
Fax 33796 0
Email 33796 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 17043 0
Dr Bronwen Ackermann
Address 17043 0
Discipline of Biomedical Science, Room L115, Building C42, Cumberland Campus, The University of Sydney, 75 East St, Lidcombe, NSW 2141.
Country 17043 0
Phone 17043 0
+61 2 9351 9472
Fax 17043 0
Email 17043 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 7971 0
Dr Bronwen Ackermann
Address 7971 0
Discipline of Biomedical Science, Room L115, Building C42, Cumberland Campus, The University of Sydney, 75 East St, Lidcombe, NSW 2141.
Country 7971 0
Phone 7971 0
+61 2 9351 9472
Fax 7971 0
Email 7971 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
Have study results been published in a peer-reviewed journal?
Other publications
Have study results been made publicly available in another format?
Results – basic reporting
Results – plain English summary