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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Retrospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Mental health first aid training of high school teachers
Scientific title
Effects of mental health first aid training on mental health knowledge, atttitudes and helping behaviours of high school teachers
Secondary ID [1] 283687 0
Nil known
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Mental disorders 3793 0
Condition category
Condition code
Mental Health 3970 3970 0 0
Mental Health 3971 3971 0 0
Mental Health 3972 3972 0 0
Psychosis and personality disorders

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Mental health first aid training. The training is given to teachers in two one-day parts. Part 1 was designed for all education staff and covered departmental policy on mental health issues, common mental health problems in adolescents, and practice helping a student with such a problem. Part 2 was for teachers who have a paticular responsibility for student welfare and covered crises that require an extended first aid response and first aid for less common mental health problems. The time between the two parts varied depending on the scheduling arranged by the individual school, but was within the same term.
Intervention code [1] 3511 0
Early detection / Screening
Comparator / control treatment
No treatment. The control group do not receive the Mental Health First Aid training.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 4874 0
Mental health knowledge. This will be measured using a 21-item questionnaire, covering material taught in the course, in which statements are rated agree, disagree or don't know.
Timepoint [1] 4874 0
Immediately after intervention
Secondary outcome [1] 8222 0
Stigmatizing attitudes. This will be measured by a 14-item questionnaire covering personal and perceived stigma. The questionnaire is adapted from the following publication:
Griffiths, K.M., Nakane, Y., Christensen, H., Yoshioka, K., Jorm, A.F. & Nakane, H. (2006). Stigma in response to mental disorders: A comparison of Australia and Japan. BMC Psychiatry, 6, 21.
Timepoint [1] 8222 0
Immediately after intervention
Secondary outcome [2] 8223 0
Helping behaviours of teacher towards their students. This will be measured with a question asking: "Did you talk with a student about their mental health problem (never, once, occasionally, frequently).
If yes, did you do any of the following:
Spent time listening to their problem (never, once, occasionally, frequently)
Helped to calm them down (never, once, occasionally, frequently)
Talked to them about suicidal thoughts (never, once, occasionally, frequently)
Recommended they seek professional help(never, once, occasionally, frequently)
Anything else (specify)
Timepoint [2] 8223 0
6 months after intervention

Key inclusion criteria
Teachers who teach Years 8-10 (age 11-15 years) and whose schools are willing to participate.
South Australian schools covering Years 8-10 from either the government, Catholic or independent systems.
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria

Study design
Purpose of the study
Educational / counselling / training
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Allocation is based on clusters (schools) rather than individuals, so that all teachers at a school receive the same intervention. The person enrolling the schools is unaware, when the enrollment is made, to which group the school would be allocated. Allocation is done by one of the investigators (Tony Jorm) after another investigator (Helen Scales) has enrolled the schools. The allocation decision is conveyed from Tony Jorm to Helen Scales by email.
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
16 schools are matched in pairs with similar size and location (urban, rural). Tony Jorm from ORYGEN Research Centre randomly assigns the first or second school to be in the intervention or control condition using the website. Participating schools are enrolled by Helen Scales from the South Australian Department of Education and Childrens Services and she informs them of the allocation.
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Cluster randomized trial
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 1189 0
Any from South Australia

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 3977 0
Government body
Name [1] 3977 0
Australian Research Council
Address [1] 3977 0
GPO Box 2702
ACT 2601
Country [1] 3977 0
Primary sponsor type
Anthony Jorm
ORYGEN Research Centre
Locked Bag 10
Victoria 3031
Secondary sponsor category [1] 3566 0
Name [1] 3566 0
Michael Sawyer
Address [1] 3566 0
Research & Evaluation Unit
Women's and Children's Hospital
72 King William Road
North Adelaide
South Australia
Australia, 5006
Country [1] 3566 0
Other collaborator category [1] 446 0
Commercial sector/Industry
Name [1] 446 0
Helen Scales
South Australian Department of Education and Children's Services
Address [1] 446 0
GPO Box 1152
Adelaide 5001
Country [1] 446 0
Other collaborator category [2] 447 0
Name [2] 447 0
Betty Kitchener
Address [2] 447 0
ORYGEN Research Centre
Locked Bag 10
Victoria 3031
Country [2] 447 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 6051 0
Children Youth and Women's Health Service (CYWHS) Research Ethics Committee
Ethics committee address [1] 6051 0
72 King William Road
North Adelaide
South Australia 5006
Ethics committee country [1] 6051 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 6051 0
Approval date [1] 6051 0
Ethics approval number [1] 6051 0

Brief summary
The study aims to find out whether Mental Health First Aid training tailored for high school teachers improves their knowledge of mental health problems, reduces stigmatizing attitudes, and increases the help that teachers provide to students with mental health problems.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Jorm, A.F., Kitchener, B.A., Sawyer, M.G., Scales, H. & Cvetkovski, S. (2010). Mental health first aid training for high school teachers: a cluster randomized trial. BMC Psychiatry, 10, 51.
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 29007 0
Prof Anthony Jorm
Address 29007 0
Melbourne School of Population and Global Health
University of Melbourne
Victoria 3010
Country 29007 0
Phone 29007 0
+61 3 90357799
Fax 29007 0
Email 29007 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 12164 0
Ms Helen Scales
Address 12164 0
6th Floor, Education Centre
31 Flinders Street Adelaide SA 5000
Country 12164 0
Phone 12164 0
(08) 8226 2462
Fax 12164 0
(08) 8212 0454
Email 12164 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 3092 0
Prof Anthony Jorm
Address 3092 0
ORYGEN Research Centre
Locked Bag 10
Victoria 3052
Country 3092 0
Phone 3092 0
Fax 3092 0
Email 3092 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
Have study results been published in a peer-reviewed journal?
Other publications
Have study results been made publicly available in another format?
Results – basic reporting
Results – plain English summary