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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
The effect of neuromuscular training post-arthroscopic partial meniscectomy on medial knee joint loading: a randomised, controlled trial.
Scientific title
The effect of neuromuscular training post-arthroscopic partial meniscectomy on medial knee joint loading: a randomised, controlled trial.
Secondary ID [1] 280157 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Arthroscopic partial medial meniscectomy 286079 0
Condition category
Condition code
Musculoskeletal 286275 286275 0 0
Surgery 286791 286791 0 0
Other surgery

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Neuromuscular Program: Experienced musculoskeletal physiotherapists will deliver the exercise program. A total of eight treatments will be delievered over twelve weeks; two treatments sessions in week one, once in the second and third weeks and fortnightly thereafter. The duration of the first session will be 45 minutes with the remaining sessions lasting 30 minutes. The physiotherapists will individualise the neuromuscular program to the ability of each participant. In addition to attending the phyisotherapist, participants will perform 5-6 exercises that will last 30-35min, 3 times each week unsupervised, at home for the 12 week period.
Intervention code [1] 284483 0
Intervention code [2] 284911 0
Comparator / control treatment
The control group will recieve no exercise training.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 286742 0
The external peak knee adduction moment (KAM) during normal pace walking and single-leg rise. The KAM will be measured using 3-dimensional movement analysis.
Timepoint [1] 286742 0
Baseline and 12 weeks following neuromuscular exercise intervention
Secondary outcome [1] 296565 0
Muscle activation patterns using electromyography. The primary muscles of interest include vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, rectus femoris, medial and lateral hamstrings. We will also collect data on the gluteus medius and medial and lateral gastrocnemius.
Timepoint [1] 296565 0
Baseline and follow-up (12 weeks)
Secondary outcome [2] 296566 0
Functional performance for: single-leg rise, hop for distance and 30 second knee bends
Timepoint [2] 296566 0
Baseline and follow-up (12 weeks)
Secondary outcome [3] 296567 0
Muscle Strength: 1) knee extensor and flexors (isokinetic dynamometer) and 2) hip adductors and abductors (hand-held dynamometer)
Timepoint [3] 296567 0
Baseline and follow-up (12 weeks)
Secondary outcome [4] 296568 0
Self-Reported Outcomes: Knee Osteoarthritis Outcome Score
Timepoint [4] 296568 0
Baseline and Follow-up (12 weeks)
Secondary outcome [5] 300021 0
Peak KAM during fast-pace walking and hop for distance and KAM impulse during walking (normal pace and fast pace), single-leg rise and hop for distance.
Timepoint [5] 300021 0
Baseline and Follow-up (12 weeks)

Key inclusion criteria
a) Aged between 30-50 years old; b) a primary arthroscopic partial medial meniscectomy between 3-12 months ago
Minimum age
30 Years
Maximum age
50 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
a) in the past week an average overall pain greater than or equal to 3 out of 10 on an 11 point numerical rating scale; b) signs of moderate or severe knee osteoarthritis on x-ray(Kellgren & Lawrence Grades 3 or 4); c) full tears of the knee anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments; d) anterior or posterior cruciate ligaments reconstructions; e) back or lower extremity pain (other than the affected knee) that limited everyday activities or required treatment in the past month; f) history of lower limb surgery (other than arthroscopy); g) other forms of arthritis, diabetes cardiac, circulatory conditions that limit everyday activities; h) neurological conditions; i) a body mass index >34; j) any ailment precluding safe participation in exercise; k) inadequate written or spoken English; l) high levels of physical activity defined as participation in organised team or individual sport that requires regular competition and requires some form of systematic training

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Potentially eligible participants will be identified through orthopaedic surgeon's patient records. These eligible patients will receive a letter of information and the plain language statement. If the person is eligible the researcher will obtain written informed consent and invite the participant to have an x-ray of their knee. However, no x-ray will be required if individuals can provide us with a knee x-ray from the past 12 months. If the x-ray does not show signs of moderate to severe knee osteoarthritis, the participant will be enrolled into the study and scheduled for baseline testing.
Following baseline assessment participants will be consecutively randomised into the neuromuscular exercise group or the control group.
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
A researcher with no additional involvement in the study will prepare consecutively numbered, sealed, opaque envelopes containing group allocation. Treatment group allocation will be stratified for gender and randomised within random permuted blocks generated a priori using Excel’s random number generator
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 284907 0
Government body
Name [1] 284907 0
National Health Medical Research Council
Address [1] 284907 0
National Health Medical Research Council
GPO Box 1421
Canberra ACT 2601
Country [1] 284907 0
Primary sponsor type
The University of Melbourne
The University of Melbourne
Secondary sponsor category [1] 283783 0
Name [1] 283783 0
Address [1] 283783 0
Country [1] 283783 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 286904 0
The University of Melbourne
Ethics committee address [1] 286904 0
Ethics committee country [1] 286904 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 286904 0
Approval date [1] 286904 0
Ethics approval number [1] 286904 0
Ethics committee name [2] 287255 0
Behavioural and Social Sciences Human Ethics Sub-Commitee
Ethics committee address [2] 287255 0
Melbourne Research,
Level 5, Alan Gilbert Building,
161 Barry St. (corner of Grattan and Barry Sts)
Ethics committee country [2] 287255 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [2] 287255 0
Approval date [2] 287255 0
Ethics approval number [2] 287255 0

Brief summary
Knee osteoarthritis is a common musculoskeletal condition that is increasingly prevalent as the population ages. Knee osteoarthritis research has largely focused on treating pain and disability. However, to reduce the incidence of this burdensome disease, prevention is also vital. Individuals who have undergone an arthroscopic partial meniscectomy (APM), a common surgical procedure to repair, remove or trim the inner knee meniscus are at increased risk to develop knee osteoarthritis. Post-APM patients, have increased knee joint loading as compared to matched healthy individuals. It is widely accepted that increased knee joint loads may be one factor related to the initiation and progression of knee osteoarthritis. In young healthy individuals neuromuscular exercises can reduce knee joint loading during athletic tasks however, the effects of neuromuscular exercises on knee joint loads are unclear in those considered at high risk of developing early knee osteoarthritis. This research will primarily investigate the effects of a neuromuscular exercise program on knee load in those who have undergone an arthroscopy to repair, remove or trim the inner knee meniscus. The neuromuscular intervention includes exercises designed to improve co-ordination, knee alignment and balance. This study will help us to develop better rehabilitation programs that could help delay the onset of knee osteoarthritis following knee arthroscopy.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 33934 0
Address 33934 0
Country 33934 0
Phone 33934 0
Fax 33934 0
Email 33934 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 17181 0
Professor Kim Bennell
Address 17181 0
Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine
Melbourne School of Health Science
Department of Physiotherapy
Level 1, 200 Berkeley St
The University of Melbourne
Victoria 3010
Country 17181 0
Phone 17181 0
+ 61 3 83444135
Fax 17181 0
Email 17181 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 8109 0
Professor Kim Bennell
Address 8109 0
Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine
Melbourne School of Health Science
Department of Physiotherapy
Level 1, 200 Berkeley St
The University of Melbourne
Victoria 3010
Country 8109 0
Phone 8109 0
+ 61 3 83444135
Fax 8109 0
Email 8109 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
No Results