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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Not yet submitted
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Prospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Telehealth support for carers of people living with vascular and mixed dementia.
Scientific title
A randomized controlled trial of telephone and ipad support on self-efficacy and mood in family carers of people living with vascular or mixed dementia in the community.
Secondary ID [1] 284489 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Vascular Dementia 291737 0
Mixed Dementia 291738 0
Condition category
Condition code
Neurological 292106 292106 0 0
Stroke 292341 292341 0 0
Stroke 292342 292342 0 0

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
The 6-month intervention is a multi-component telephone call, a Google+ hangout setup on an ipad or tablet plus health promotion and dementia information on the tablet. Trained nursing and psychology therapists will conduct intervention contacts. The intervention will be tailored to individual carer/participant needs, will be conducted in sessions of up to 30 minutes per session, usually weekly and will be conducted approximately once per week for up to 12-weeks, followed by regular negotiated calls (0-12) for a further three months. Participants will be provided with a Stroke Foundation information pack together with information about risk factors, knowledge of dementia and other educational resources on their ipad/tablet. The intervention will include psycho-education about dementia, counseling for mood disorders in the family carer and emotional support and education about risk factors. Participants will be counseled about health risk behavior including quarterly general practitioner visits, risk factor management and monitoring. Therapists will refer participants to appropriate health professionals where necessary. Therapists will liaise with health professionals, case managers and other health practitioners. Information will be provided on the ipad about contacts with relevant health professionals. Psychotherapy will be structured by assessment, diagnosis, formulation, implementation of formulation and evaluation of process, centered around behaviors of the care recipient and the carers thoughts feelings and and behavior.

We will seek approval for all study intervention contacts between therapists and participants to be recorded. The investigators will review individual intervention contacts with each therapist at 1-week, 3-weeks and 6- weeks to ensure adherence to the study protocol.
Intervention code [1] 289246 0
Treatment: Other
Intervention code [2] 289247 0
Comparator / control treatment
Participants assigned to the control group will receive standard care plus the standard Stroke Foundation hard copy information pack and assessment feedback including follow-up assessment. Standard care from a participating stroke unit will usually require outpatient neurology follow-up and community management of risk factors and medical conditions with the participants own General Practitioner. Control participants recruited from the community will continue to use current community supports.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 291986 0
Carer self-efficacy as measured by the Revised scale for caregiving self-efficacy
Timepoint [1] 291986 0
6, 12, 18 and 24-months
Primary outcome [2] 291987 0
Carer strain as measured by the Carer Strain Index
Timepoint [2] 291987 0
6, 12, 18 and 24-months
Primary outcome [3] 291988 0
Carer mood (anxiety and depression) measured by the PHQ-9 and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale.
Timepoint [3] 291988 0
6, 12, 18 and 24-months
Secondary outcome [1] 307961 0
Health-related quality of life measured by the AQoL-4
Timepoint [1] 307961 0
6, 12, 18 and 24-months
Secondary outcome [2] 307962 0
The cost effectiveness of the model will be calculated using Australian data for health system costs, demographic and epidemiological parameters. Modelling will be based upon best available techniques on efficacy based upon evidence contained in systematic reviews.
Timepoint [2] 307962 0
Intervention duration.
Secondary outcome [3] 307964 0
Health Service usage will be assessed by patient diary and recorded health care visits.
Timepoint [3] 307964 0
6, 12, 18 and 24-months
Secondary outcome [4] 307965 0
carer knowledge of vascular dementia/mixed dementia will be assessed by the qualitative appraisal of written responses to set questions.
Timepoint [4] 307965 0
6, 12, 18 and 24-months
Secondary outcome [5] 307966 0
Carer knowledge of risk factors will be assessed by the qualitative appraisal of written responses to set questions.
Timepoint [5] 307966 0
6, 12, 18 and 24-months
Secondary outcome [6] 307969 0
Cardiovascular Risk scores for the care recipient will be determined using the Australian version of the Framingham Absolute cardiovascular risk calculator.
Timepoint [6] 307969 0
12 and 24-months
Secondary outcome [7] 307970 0
Care recipient functional dependency as measured by the Barthel Index
Timepoint [7] 307970 0
6, 12, 18 and 24-months

Key inclusion criteria
1. Carer of a person with:
(a). History of cognitive impairment associated with stroke.
(b). Diagnosis of vascular dementia or mixed dementia.
(c). Cognitive impairment as assessed by Psychogeriatric Assessment Scale.
(d). Cognitive impairment associated with vascular dementia according to clinical judgement and imaging information obtained from consultant neurology referral.

2. Primary carer providing a minimum of 4-hours care per week.
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
1. care recipient:
(a). Alzheimer's Disease only.
(b). Absence of vascular disease.
(c). Life-expectancy less than study term.
(d). Serious illness or comorbidities affecting study participation.
(e) Likely transfer into high level care during study term.

2. Carer:
(a). Serious illness affecting ability to participate in study procedures.
(b). Cognitive impairment that would affect the ability to take part in study procedures.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Educational / counselling / training
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Carers of people with a history of cognitive impairment associated with stroke or a history of dementia will be screened by to determine eligibility. For those determined eligible to enter the study a baseline assessment will be undertaken blind to allocation using a clinical baseline assessment interview comprising the standard scales mentioned. Randomization will then occur to either the intervention or usual care as completed by the blinded trial statistician. Participants will be either assigned to to a telephone therapist or current standard of care available in the community.
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
A computer-generated random sequence available to the trial statistician but not other research staff will be used to produce randomized allocation using a randomised permuted block design in order to maintain approximately balanced randomization across sites throughout the trial. Assessors will be blinded, but therapists will be unblinded to treatment allocation.
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

The people assessing the outcomes
The people analysing the results/data
Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis
For carer efficacy, to detect a standardised interaction effect of 0.15 (based on published mean effect sizes) we would need at least a sample of 45 participants per group (calculated using G-power). Using published mean effect size for studies of mood change achieved as a result of cognitive behaviour therapy we would need at least 65 participants per group to achieve 80% power at the 0.05 alpha error probability level. Assuming 10% dropout we therefore conservatively estimate we would need at least 140 participants enrolled in the trial.

The null hypothesis is that there is no difference at follow-up assessment between groups in primary outcome measures. The adequacy of the randomization procedures will be assessed by comparison of all baseline characteristics between the two study groups. Non-paired comparisons will be done for intervention and control groups. The statistical test for comparison of baseline and follow up scores will depend on the skewness of distribution of responses. Change in knowledge and caring efficacy before and after implementing the study tool will be analyzed using paired Wilcoxon rank tests.

Recruitment status
Not yet recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 289145 0
Self funded/Unfunded
Name [1] 289145 0
Address [1] 289145 0
Country [1] 289145 0
Primary sponsor type
Australian Catholic University (ACU)
Site Address:
115 Victoria Parade Fitzroy VIC 3065.
Postal Address:
Locked Bag 4115 Fitzroy MDC, Fitzroy VIC 3065.
Secondary sponsor category [1] 287806 0
Name [1] 287806 0
Address [1] 287806 0
Country [1] 287806 0
Other collaborator category [1] 277925 0
Commercial sector/Industry
Name [1] 277925 0
Catholic Homes
Address [1] 277925 0
Suite B2 Domeville Avenue,
Hawthorn VIC 3122
Country [1] 277925 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Not yet submitted
Ethics committee name [1] 290916 0
Australian Catholic University
Ethics committee address [1] 290916 0
Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research)
Australian Catholic University
North Sydney Campus
PO Box 968
North Sydney NSW 2059
Ethics committee country [1] 290916 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 290916 0
Approval date [1] 290916 0
Ethics approval number [1] 290916 0

Brief summary
This trial will offer family carers of people living with mixed or vascular dementia support in their own homes using both telephone and ipad technology to deliver an intervention that combines mental health support for the family carer with information about stroke, dementia and how to manage risk factors. Currently there is little known about how best to provide support for family carers of people living with vascular or mixed dementia over the telephone or using technology such as ipads/tablets. Family carers and people living with vascular or mixed dementia in the community are at risk of social isolation, mood disorders, and carer strain. Risk factors for vascular dementia are high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and high cholesterol so it is important to avoid and control these risk factors to maintain functioning for as long as possible. Community awareness of dementia and management of behavioural symptoms is low. Face-to-face delivery of interventions can be hard to achieve and costly. With service providers introducing ipads for community clients who choose consumer directed care, there is the potential to utilise the new technology together with telephone support to provide a multi-modal support service in the carer’s own home.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 47938 0
Prof Colleen Doyle
Address 47938 0
Australian Catholic University.
Catholic Homes.
Suite B, 2 Domville Ave
Hawthorn VIC 3122
Country 47938 0
Phone 47938 0
+61 3 9819 1539
Fax 47938 0
+61 3 9819 1196
Email 47938 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 47939 0
Mr David Jackson
Address 47939 0
Australian Catholic University
Catholic Homes.
Suite B, 2 Domville Ave
Hawthorn VIC 3122
Country 47939 0
Phone 47939 0
+61 3 9819 1539
Fax 47939 0
+61 3 9819 1196
Email 47939 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 47940 0
Mr David Jackson
Address 47940 0
Australian Catholic University
Catholic Homes.
Suite B, 2 Domville Ave
Hawthorn VIC 3122
Country 47940 0
Phone 47940 0
+61 3 9819 1539
Fax 47940 0
+61 3 9819 1196
Email 47940 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
No Results