The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been endorsed by the ANZCTR. Before participating in a study, talk to your health care provider and refer to this information for consumers
Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Retrospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Short Multi -disciplinary Acute Rehabilitation Team (SMART) to acute care
Scientific title
Randomized Controlled Trial of a short multi-disciplinary acute rehabilitation team (SMART) to acute care-identifying whether the provision of an acute rehabilitation program to acute care is better in relation to patient and process outcomes than standard care.
Secondary ID [1] 280919 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
functional decline due to injury or illness 287002 0
Condition category
Condition code
Physical Medicine / Rehabilitation 287334 287334 0 0
Other physical medicine / rehabilitation
Public Health 287493 287493 0 0
Health service research

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Provision of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program consisting of rehabilitation medicine, occupational therapy and physiotherapy.
Twice daily therapy with one group therapy session and one individual therapy session as well as three weekly case conferences to discuss the rehabilitation as well as discharge plan.
Rehabilitation medicine component provides coordination and medical review of rehabilitation program for each patient.
Daily group therapy session; duration 45-60 minutes (dependent on the length of time patient takes to perform activities and number of patients in the group); maximum of 7 total sessions per patient. Facilitated by Occupational therapist (OT), Physiotherapist (PT) and allied health assistant (OT and PT are part of investigational team).The execution of the sessions is aided by an allied health assistant, who is not a member of the investigative team.
Daily individual treatment sessions provided by PT in addition to the group session and OT intervention as indicated by individual patient needs. Duration 30minutes with a total 7 sessions per patient.
Occupational Therapy provides assessment and treatment of deficits in activity performance and participation. Treatment is individualized to specific patient needs and may included such things as dressing retraining or energy conservation. Treatment includes an ADL activity practice component in the daily group therapy session.
Physiotherapy provides assessment and treatment of of deficits in activity performance and participation. The treatment is individualized to specific patient needs but will include balance, strengthening and gait retraining during the group session. Individual treatment sessions are comprised of gait retraining, mobility assessment, stair practice and general strengthening. A individual exercise program is provided to each patient to perform independently.
Intervention code [1] 285355 0
Comparator / control treatment
Provision of standard care which involves physiotherapy treatment and occupational therapy treatment as directed by the treating team. Patient receive one individual physiotherapy session daily, which may include mobility practice, stair practice or strengthening exercises. Length of session varies from 10-15 minutes (dependent on therapist judgement).
Occupational therapy assessment and treatment is initiated by the treating team and usually involves assessment and discharge planning, equipment prescription and home visits as needed. Length of session will be individualized to patient requirements. Discharge planning by treating team. Most patients will be referred to inpatient subacute rehabilitation. Standard treatment is coordinated by different groups in different wards and patients get various levels of therapy (nil occupational therapy, physiotherapy treatment daily or second daily) waiting for a subacute rehabilitation bed.
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 287607 0
Length of stay in acute care as measured by hospital data system HIE, electronic patient record will be accessed to identify total length of stay for patient in acute ward .
Timepoint [1] 287607 0
discharge from Royal North Shore Hospital acute ward
Secondary outcome [1] 298524 0
Functional Improvement
Timepoint [1] 298524 0
Timed up and go and Functional Independence Measure conducted at admission to study and at 7 days of treatment or at discharge if earlier than 7 days.

Key inclusion criteria
Adult Inpatient in acute ward at RNSH
Patients admitted under the care of a medical or surgical specialty
Medically stable
Having Identified rehab goals
Willing to participate in program
Provision of written informed consent
Assessed to be suitable for discharge from hospital within 7 days
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
99 Years
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Patients assessed as requiring >7 days of inpatient rehabilitation in sub-acute care
Unwilling to participate in rehabilitation program
Unwilling to provide written informed consent

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Rehabilitation Coordinator will receive referrals via email, pager, phone or in ward meetings from allied health, nursing or medical teams. Patients will then be screened by the rehabilitation coordinator or rehab physician as to their suitablility to SMART in acordance to standing SMART inclusion criteria.
All patients referred to the SMART program will be considered potential participants.Once identified as suitable for SMART the research project officer will be visiting the patient to recruit patients and complete baseline data collection (FIM, TUG, MMSE)

The participant will be enrolled into the study after the informed consent process has been completed and the participant has met all inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria. The physcian or coordinator enrolling the patient are unaware, when this decision is made, to which group the patient will be allocated. Central Randomization schedule is performed via computer by staff affiliated with the northern sydney clinical school and provided to investagatory team in sealed opaque envelopes at central administration site.
The participant will receive a study enrolment number and this will be documented in the participant’s medical record and on all study documents.
Written informed consent will be gained from the potential participant during the recruitment process. The research project officer will provide written and verbal information on the study and obtain consent from participant or his/her guardian as appropriate. The patient will be provided with a copy of the signed consent form and the original consent form will be kept in the researchers department.
For participants with an appointed guardian/enduring guardian written informed consent will be obtained from the legally appointed person.
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Randomization will be computer generated .
The participant will be randomized prior to move to ward 8D after they have met the inclusion criteria and provided consent to study. At that point in time the participant will be randomised to Intervention group or Control group, and receive a Randomisation Number allocated by a computer.
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Other design features
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Active, not recruiting
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 285703 0
Commercial sector/Industry
Name [1] 285703 0
Ramsay Healthcare allied health research awards
Address [1] 285703 0
North Shore Private Hospital
Reserve Road
St Leonards. NSW 2065
Country [1] 285703 0
Primary sponsor type
Anna Butcher
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Royal North Shore Hospital
Level 4B Clinical Administration
Reserve Road St. Leonards NSW 2065
Secondary sponsor category [1] 284531 0
Name [1] 284531 0
A/Prof. Stephen Wilson
Address [1] 284531 0
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Royal North Shore Hospital
Level 4B Clinical Administration
Reserve Road St. Leonards NSW 2065
Country [1] 284531 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 287702 0
Northern Sydney coast Human Research ethics Committee (EC00112)
Ethics committee address [1] 287702 0
Reserach Office
Level 13, Kolling Building
Royal North Shore Hospital
St. Leonards NSW 2065
Ethics committee country [1] 287702 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 287702 0
Approval date [1] 287702 0
Ethics approval number [1] 287702 0

Brief summary
The aim of this research project is to investigate the efficacy and benefits of an in-reach multi disciplinary rehabilitation program. Patients will be assessed for egibility to attend rehab program by rehabilitation coordinator or rehab physician after referral received via medical/surgical teams. This will be done in accordance with SMART inclusion/ referral criteria. Research Project officer will enroll patients in study, complete informed consent and perform baseline data assessments.
Participants will then be randomized into intervention and control group via a computer generated program.
Intervention group will receive rehabililtation on ward 8D and the intervention group will receive standard care on any acute ward within RNSH.
Functional measures will be conducetd by the research project officer in both control and intervention group at 7 day post enrollment or prior to discharge if this should be earlier.
Hypothesis: Provision of a short term multi-disciplinary acute rehabilitation program to patients in acute care will lead to reduced length of stay, improved mobility and ADL function as well as improved quality of life.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications
Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 34491 0
Mrs Anna Butcher
Address 34491 0
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Royal North Shore Hospital
Level 4B Clinical Administration
Reserve Road St. Leonards NSW 2065
Country 34491 0
Phone 34491 0
+61 2 9463 2467
Fax 34491 0
+61 2 9463 2041
Email 34491 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 17738 0
Mrs Anna Butcher
Address 17738 0
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Royal North Shore Hospital
Level 4B Clinical Administration
Reserve Road St. Leonards NSW 2065
Country 17738 0
Phone 17738 0
+61 (02) 9463 2467
Fax 17738 0
+61 (02) 9463 2041
Email 17738 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 8666 0
A/Prof A/Prof. Stephen Wilson
Address 8666 0
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Royal North Shore Hospital
Level 4B Clinical Administration
Reserve Road St. Leonards NSW 2065
Country 8666 0
Phone 8666 0
+61 (02) 9463 2466
Fax 8666 0
+61 (02) 9463 2041
Email 8666 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
Have study results been published in a peer-reviewed journal?
Other publications
Have study results been made publicly available in another format?
Results – basic reporting
Results – plain English summary