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Trial registered on ANZCTR

Registration number
Ethics application status
Date submitted
Date registered
Date last updated
Type of registration
Retrospectively registered

Titles & IDs
Public title
Upper Gastrointestinal Capsule Endoscopy as a Tool for the Triage of Haematemasis and Melaena
Scientific title
An open labelled, single arm and single blinded study of the diagnostic utility of capsule endoscopy over standard endoscopy for the diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage.
Secondary ID [1] 252554 0
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage. 237353 0
Condition category
Condition code
Oral and Gastrointestinal 239675 239675 0 0
Other diseases of the mouth, teeth, oesophagus, digestive system including liver and colon

Study type
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Study participants will swallow a capsule endoscope specifically designed to view the oesophagus and upper gastrointestinal tract. Images are transmitted wirelessly to a data recorder worn by the patient. The procedure is expected to take 2 hours. The capsule passes naturally through the bowel and is usually excreted in a bowel motion after 24 to 48 hours.

All patients will have a gastroscopy which is current standard treatment. Gastroscopy takes 15 minutes to perform. This will occur at least 2 hours after capsule ingestion.
Intervention code [1] 237013 0
Diagnosis / Prognosis
Comparator / control treatment
No control treatment
Control group

Primary outcome [1] 240447 0
The success of capsule endoscopy in diagnosing (or excluding) causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

Images obtained by the capsule endoscopy will be interpreted by two gastroenterologist blinded to the results of the gastroscopy. Consensus agreement will be made if there are major discrepancies between the two reports. The results of capsule endoscopy will be directly compared to the results and diagnosis obtained during the gastroscopy. A standardise reporting sheet will be used for all procedures.
Timepoint [1] 240447 0
24 hours after intervention
Primary outcome [2] 240448 0
Correlation of findings seen on capsule endoscopy compared to gastroscopy.

This will be assessed using reports optained after visual examination of the images taken by both methods.
Timepoint [2] 240448 0
24 hours after intervention
Secondary outcome [1] 244958 0
Compare the patient tolerability and satisfaction between the procedures.

This will be assed by using a patient questionnaire and use of a visual analogue scale.
Timepoint [1] 244958 0
48 hours after intervention
Secondary outcome [2] 244959 0
Safety of upper gastrointestinal capsule endoscopy in the setting of acute gastrointestinal haemorrhage.

Assessment will include adverse events related to adminstration of the capsule. The main adverse event expected is capsule retention within the bowel.

Adverse events will be assessed by direct contact witht he patient at day 14. Where it is not clear that the capsule has passed, an abdominal xray will be performed.
Timepoint [2] 244959 0
14 days after intervention

Key inclusion criteria
All male and female patients 18 years or older admitted to the Alfred Hospital with symptoms and signs of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage AND the patient requires an urgent gastroscopy (within 24hrs) for standard of care.
Minimum age
18 Years
Maximum age
No limit
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
Key exclusion criteria
Any significant condition that would make capsule endoscopy inappropriate including unstable medical conditions, the need for urgent surgery or immediate gastroscopy; Known or suspected obstructions or strictures in the gastrointestinal tract, including Crohn’s disease, significant prior abdominal surgery (excluding appendicectomy or cholecystectomy) or abdominal/ pelvic radiotherapy; Clinically significant dysphagia or a swallowing disorder; Excessive non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use; Known or suspected pregnancy or breast feeding; Inability to follow instructions; The need for magnetic resonance imaging within a week of capsule ingestion; The patient cannot give informed consent.

Study design
Purpose of the study
Allocation to intervention
Non-randomised trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Masking / blinding
Blinded (masking used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?

Intervention assignment
Single group
Other design features
Investigators reporting the capsule endoscopy will be blinded to the results of the gastroscopy.
Not Applicable
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment status
Date of first participant enrolment
Date of last participant enrolment
Date of last data collection
Sample size
Accrual to date
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)

Funding & Sponsors
Funding source category [1] 237402 0
Name [1] 237402 0
The Alfred, Department of Gastroenterology research fund
Address [1] 237402 0
The Alfred
55 Commercial Rd,
Victoria. 3004
Country [1] 237402 0
Primary sponsor type
Commercial sector/Industry
Given Imaging, Ltd
2 Hacarmel St.
New Industrial Park
POB 258
Yoqneam 20692
Secondary sponsor category [1] 236899 0
Name [1] 236899 0
Address [1] 236899 0
Country [1] 236899 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status
Ethics committee name [1] 239528 0
Alfred Hospital Ethics Committee (EC00315)
Ethics committee address [1] 239528 0
The Alfred Hospital,
55 Commercial Road,
Victoria. 3004
Ethics committee country [1] 239528 0
Date submitted for ethics approval [1] 239528 0
Approval date [1] 239528 0
Ethics approval number [1] 239528 0

Brief summary
Capsule endoscopy has the potential to be used as a fast and minimally invasive tool for the triage of patients presenting to hospital with bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract.

This study aims to determine the utility of capsule endoscopy in this setting by comparing its success in finding a diagnosis for the bleeding when compared to findings made at gastroscopy.
Trial website
Trial related presentations / publications

Risk stratification of upper gi bleeding with pillcam ESO capsule.
Chandran S., Urquhart P., Testro A., Ong S., Shelton E., La Nauze R., Vaughan R., Kemp W., Brown G.J., Froomes P.R.
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Conference: Digestive Diease Week 2012, DDW 2012 San Diego, CA United States. Conference Start: 20120519 Conference End: 20120522. Conference Publication: (var.pagings). 75 (4 SUPPL. 1) (pp AB256), 2012. Date of Publication: April 2012.


Risk stratification of upper GI bleeding with an esophageal capsule.
Chandran S, Testro A, Urquhart P, La Nauze R, Ong S, Shelton E, Philpott H, Sood S, Vaughan R, Kemp W, Brown G, Froomes P.
Gastrointest Endosc. 2013 Jun;77(6):891-8. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2013.01.003. Epub 2013 Feb 26

Public notes

Principal investigator
Name 29964 0
Dr Paul Frooms
Address 29964 0
Austin Hospital
145 Studley Road
Australia, 3084
Country 29964 0
Phone 29964 0
+613 9496 5000
Fax 29964 0
Email 29964 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 13211 0
Dr Dr Richard La Nauze
Address 13211 0
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
The Alfred
PO Box 315
Country 13211 0
Phone 13211 0
+613 9076 2000
Fax 13211 0
Email 13211 0
Contact person for scientific queries
Name 4139 0
Dr Dr Richard La Nauze
Address 4139 0
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
The Alfred
PO Box 315
Country 4139 0
Phone 4139 0
+613 9076 2000
Fax 4139 0
Email 4139 0

No information has been provided regarding IPD availability
Summary results
Have study results been published in a peer-reviewed journal?
Other publications
Have study results been made publicly available in another format?
Results – basic reporting
Results – plain English summary