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Trial details imported from ClinicalTrials.gov

For full trial details, please see the original record at https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00005585




Registration number
NCT00005585
Ethics application status
Date submitted
2/05/2000
Date registered
27/01/2003
Date last updated
10/06/2013

Titles & IDs
Public title
Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Scientific title
ALINC #17 Treatment for Patients With Low Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Pediatric Oncology Group Phase III Study
Secondary ID [1] 0 0
COG-P9904
Secondary ID [2] 0 0
9904
Universal Trial Number (UTN)
Trial acronym
Linked study record

Health condition
Health condition(s) or problem(s) studied:
Leukemia 0 0
Condition category
Condition code
Cancer 0 0 0 0
Leukaemia - Acute leukaemia
Cancer 0 0 0 0
Leukaemia - Chronic leukaemia
Cancer 0 0 0 0
Children's - Leukaemia & Lymphoma
Cancer 0 0 0 0
Lymphoma (non Hodgkin's lymphoma) - High grade lymphoma
Cancer 0 0 0 0
Lymphoma (non Hodgkin's lymphoma) - Low grade lymphoma

Intervention/exposure
Study type
Interventional
Description of intervention(s) / exposure
Treatment: Drugs - cyclophosphamide
Treatment: Drugs - cytarabine
Treatment: Drugs - daunorubicin hydrochloride
Treatment: Drugs - dexamethasone
Treatment: Drugs - leucovorin calcium
Treatment: Drugs - mercaptopurine
Treatment: Drugs - methotrexate
Treatment: Drugs - pegaspargase
Treatment: Drugs - thioguanine
Treatment: Drugs - vincristine sulfate

Experimental: Arm I: (combination chemotherapy) - CONSOLIDATION: Pts receive Methotrexate(MTX) IV over 24 hrs on day 1 and oral leucovorin calcium (CF) every 6 hrs for 3 doses at 42 hours after initiation of MTX infusion during weeks 7, 10, 13, 16, and 19. Pts also receive MTX IT on wks 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, and 22; oral mercaptopurine(6-MP) daily wks 5-24; oral dexamethasone (DM) 2x on days 1-7 of wks 8 and 17; and vincristine sulfate (VCR) IV on day 1 of wks 8, 9, 17, and 18. CONTINUATION: Pts receive oral 6-MP daily on wks 25-130; oral DM twice a day on days 1-7 and vincristine sulfate (VCR) IV on days 1 and 8 during wks 25, 41, 57, 73, 89, and 105; oral MTX on wks 25-130 (except during wks of IT MTX); and MTX IT on wks 25, 37, 49, 61, 73, 85, 97, and 109.

Experimental: Arm II (combination chemotherapy) - CONSOLIDATION: Pts receive methotrexate (MTX) IV over 4 hrs on day 1 and oral leucovorin calcium (CF) during wks 7, 10, 13, 16, and 19. Pts also receive MTX IT on wks 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, and 22; oral mercaptopurine (6-MP) daily on wks 5-24; oral dexamethasone (DM) 2x on days 1-7 of wks 8 and 17; and vincristine sulfate (VCR) IV on day 1 of wks 8, 9, 17, and 18. CONTINUATION: Pts receive oral 6-MP daily on wks 25-130; oral DM 2x on days 1-7 and vincristine sulfate (VCR) IV on days 1 and 8 during wks 25, 41, 57, 73, 89, and 105; oral MTX weekly on wks 25-130 (except during wks of IT MTX); and MTX IT on wks 25, 37, 49, 61, 73, 85, 97, and 109.

Experimental: Arm III (combination chemotherapy) - CONSOLIDATION: Pts receive methotrexate (MTX) IV and leucovorin calcium (CF) as in arm I on wks 7, 10, 13, 24, 27, and 30. Pts also receive oral mercaptopurine (6-MP) daily on wks 5-13 and then on wk 24 and continuing until the end of consolidation; MTX IT on wks 7, 10, 13, 16, 20, 21, and 30; oral dexamethasone (DM) twice daily on days 1-7 of wks 8, 16-18, and 28; vincristine sulfate (VCR) IV on day 1 of wks 8, 9, 16-18, 28, and 29; pegaspargase intramuscularly on wk 16; daunorubicin hydrochloride IV on day 1 of wks 16-18; cyclophosphamide IV on day 1 of wk 20; cytarabine IV or subcutaneously on days 2-5 of wks 20 and 21; and oral thioguanine daily on days 1-14 of wks 20 and 21. CONTINUATION: Pts receive oral 6-MP daily on wks 33-130; oral dexamethasone (DM) twice a day on days 1-7 and VCR IV on days 1 and 8 during wks 41, 57, 73, 89, and 105; oral MTX weekly on wks 33-130 (except during wks of IT MTX); and MTX IT on wks 37, 49, 61, 73, 85, 97, and 109.

Experimental: .Arm IV (combination chemotherapy) - CONSOLIDATION: Pts receive methotrexate (MTX) and leucovorin calcium (CF) on wks 7, 10, 13, 24, 27, and 30. Pts receive mercaptopurine(6-MP) daily weeks 5-13 then beginning wk 24 and continuing until end of consolidation; MTX on wks 7, 10, 13, 16, 20, 21, and 30; dexamethasone (DM) 2x daily on days 1-7 of wks 8, 16-18, and 28; vincristine sulfate (VCR) day 1 of wks 8, 9, 16-18, 28, and 29; pegaspargase on wk 16; daunorubicin hydrochloride on day 1 of wks 16-18; cyclophosphamide on day 1 of wk 20; cytarabine on days 2-5 of wks 20 and 21; thioguanine daily on days 1-14 of wks 20 and 21. CONTINUATION: Pts receive mercaptopurine(6-MP) daily on weeks 33-130; oral dexamethasone (DM) twice a day on days 1-7 and VCR IV on days 1 and 8 during weeks 41, 57, 73, 89, and 105; oral MTX weekly on weeks 33-130 (except during weeks of IV MTX); and IV MTX on weeks 37, 49, 61, 73, 85, 97, and 109.


Treatment: Drugs: cyclophosphamide
Given IV

Treatment: Drugs: cytarabine
Deoxycytidine analogue which is metabolized to ARA-CTP, a substance which inhibits DNA polymerase.

Treatment: Drugs: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV

Treatment: Drugs: dexamethasone
Dexamethasone is a synthetic fluorinated glucocorticoid devoid of mineralocorticoid effects.

Treatment: Drugs: leucovorin calcium
Synthetic d,l-5 CHO tetrahydrofolate, which is used to bypass the inhibition of dihydrofolate reductase by Methotrexate (MTX)

Treatment: Drugs: mercaptopurine
An analogue of the nucleic acid constituent adenine and the physiological purine base hypoxanthine

Treatment: Drugs: methotrexate
A folate analogue which inhibits the enzyme dihydrofolate reductase, haltin g DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis

Treatment: Drugs: pegaspargase
E-Coli asparaginase deaminates asparagine, thus, is lethal for cells which cannot synthesize asparagine.

Treatment: Drugs: thioguanine
Given orally

Treatment: Drugs: vincristine sulfate
Given IV

Intervention code [1] 0 0
Treatment: Drugs
Comparator / control treatment
Control group

Outcomes
Primary outcome [1] 0 0
Event-free survival - The test statistic will compare Kaplan-Meier curves with sample size derived from a modification of the Makuch-Simon method for historical controls
Timepoint [1] 0 0
4 years
Primary outcome [2] 0 0
Occurrence of anticipated failures - An O'Brien-Fleming analysis will be conducted, with significance declared if the observed logrank Z-statistic exceeds the z/sqrt(IF), where IF=fraction of anticipated failures that have occurred and z=critical value of the final analysis.
Timepoint [2] 0 0
Up to 7 years
Primary outcome [3] 0 0
Grade 3 or greater CNS toxicity rates assessed using NCI CTC version 2.0
Timepoint [3] 0 0
Up to 7 years
Secondary outcome [1] 0 0
Measures of laboratory factors (other than MRD) - Cox multiple regression will be utilized.
Timepoint [1] 0 0
Up to 7 years
Secondary outcome [2] 0 0
Homocysteine levels - Will be correlated to acute neurotoxicity by Cox regression.
Timepoint [2] 0 0
Up to 7 years

Eligibility
Key inclusion criteria
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Diagnosis of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia

- Registered on POG-9900 Classification Study

- Registered within 7 days of documenting complete response (CR) after induction therapy
on day 29 or, if 2 more weeks of induction are required, within 7 days of CR
determination

- Classified as low-risk:

- WBC less than 50,000/mm^3

- Age 1 to 9

- No adverse translocations [E2A-PBX1, t(1;19) or BCR/ABL, t(9;22); and MLL
rearrangements]

- No CNS 3 disease (CSF WBC at least 5/mm^3 with blasts present)

- No testicular disease

- At least one of the following present:

- TEL/AML1, t(12;21)

- Simultaneous trisomy of chromosomes 4 and 10

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

- 1 to 9

Performance status:

- Not specified

Life expectancy:

- Not specified

Hematopoietic:

- See Disease Characteristics

Hepatic:

- Not specified

Renal:

- Not specified

Other:

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

- Not specified

Chemotherapy

- Not specified

Endocrine therapy

- Not specified

Radiotherapy

- Not specified

Surgery

- Not specified
Minimum age
1 Year
Maximum age
9 Years
Gender
Both males and females
Can healthy volunteers participate?
No
Key exclusion criteria

Study design
Purpose of the study
Treatment
Allocation to intervention
Randomised controlled trial
Procedure for enrolling a subject and allocating the treatment (allocation concealment procedures)
Methods used to generate the sequence in which subjects will be randomised (sequence generation)
Masking / blinding
Open (masking not used)
Who is / are masked / blinded?



Intervention assignment
Parallel
Other design features
Phase
Phase 3
Type of endpoint(s)
Statistical methods / analysis

Recruitment
Recruitment status
Completed
Data analysis
Reason for early stopping/withdrawal
Other reasons
Date of first participant enrolment
Anticipated
Actual
Date of last participant enrolment
Anticipated
Actual
Date of last data collection
Anticipated
Actual
Sample size
Target
Accrual to date
Final
Recruitment in Australia
Recruitment state(s)
NSW,QLD,VIC
Recruitment hospital [1] 0 0
Children's Hospital at Westmead - Westmead
Recruitment hospital [2] 0 0
Royal Children's Hospital - Brisbane
Recruitment hospital [3] 0 0
Royal Children's Hospital - Parkville
Recruitment postcode(s) [1] 0 0
2145 - Westmead
Recruitment postcode(s) [2] 0 0
4029 - Brisbane
Recruitment postcode(s) [3] 0 0
3052 - Parkville
Recruitment outside Australia
Country [1] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [1] 0 0
Alabama
Country [2] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [2] 0 0
Arizona
Country [3] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [3] 0 0
Arkansas
Country [4] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [4] 0 0
California
Country [5] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [5] 0 0
Connecticut
Country [6] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [6] 0 0
Florida
Country [7] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [7] 0 0
Georgia
Country [8] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [8] 0 0
Hawaii
Country [9] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [9] 0 0
Illinois
Country [10] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [10] 0 0
Kansas
Country [11] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [11] 0 0
Louisiana
Country [12] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [12] 0 0
Maine
Country [13] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [13] 0 0
Maryland
Country [14] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [14] 0 0
Massachusetts
Country [15] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [15] 0 0
Michigan
Country [16] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [16] 0 0
Mississippi
Country [17] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [17] 0 0
Missouri
Country [18] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [18] 0 0
New Hampshire
Country [19] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [19] 0 0
New Jersey
Country [20] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [20] 0 0
New Mexico
Country [21] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [21] 0 0
New York
Country [22] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [22] 0 0
North Carolina
Country [23] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [23] 0 0
Oklahoma
Country [24] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [24] 0 0
Oregon
Country [25] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [25] 0 0
Pennsylvania
Country [26] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [26] 0 0
Rhode Island
Country [27] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [27] 0 0
South Carolina
Country [28] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [28] 0 0
Tennessee
Country [29] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [29] 0 0
Texas
Country [30] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [30] 0 0
Vermont
Country [31] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [31] 0 0
Virginia
Country [32] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [32] 0 0
Washington
Country [33] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [33] 0 0
West Virginia
Country [34] 0 0
United States of America
State/province [34] 0 0
Wisconsin
Country [35] 0 0
Canada
State/province [35] 0 0
Alberta
Country [36] 0 0
Canada
State/province [36] 0 0
Ontario
Country [37] 0 0
Canada
State/province [37] 0 0
Quebec
Country [38] 0 0
Netherlands
State/province [38] 0 0
Groningen
Country [39] 0 0
Puerto Rico
State/province [39] 0 0
Santurce
Country [40] 0 0
Switzerland
State/province [40] 0 0
Bern
Country [41] 0 0
Switzerland
State/province [41] 0 0
Geneva

Funding & Sponsors
Primary sponsor type
Other
Name
Children's Oncology Group
Address
Country
Other collaborator category [1] 0 0
Government body
Name [1] 0 0
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Address [1] 0 0
Country [1] 0 0

Ethics approval
Ethics application status

Summary
Brief summary
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing
so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells. It is
not yet known which regimen of combination chemotherapy is more effective for childhood acute
lymphoblastic leukemia.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is comparing different regimens of combination
chemotherapy to see how well they work in treating children with acute lymphoblastic
leukemia.
Trial website
https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00005585
Trial related presentations / publications
Rabin KR, Gramatges MM, Borowitz MJ, Palla SL, Shi X, Margolin JF, Zweidler-McKay PA. Absolute lymphocyte counts refine minimal residual disease-based risk stratification in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2012 Sep;59(3):468-74. doi: 10.1002/pbc.23395. Epub 2011 Nov 18.
Xu H, Cheng C, Devidas M, Pei D, Fan Y, Yang W, Neale G, Scheet P, Burchard EG, Torgerson DG, Eng C, Dean M, Antillon F, Winick NJ, Martin PL, Willman CL, Camitta BM, Reaman GH, Carroll WL, Loh M, Evans WE, Pui CH, Hunger SP, Relling MV, Yang JJ. ARID5B genetic polymorphisms contribute to racial disparities in the incidence and treatment outcome of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Mar 1;30(7):751-7. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2011.38.0345. Epub 2012 Jan 30.
Borowitz MJ, Devidas M, Hunger SP, et al.: Prognostic signficance of end consolidation minimal residual disease (MRD) in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): A report from the Children's Oncology Group (COG). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 26 (Suppl 15): A-10000, 2008.
Borowitz MJ, Devidas M, Hunger SP, Bowman WP, Carroll AJ, Carroll WL, Linda S, Martin PL, Pullen DJ, Viswanatha D, Willman CL, Winick N, Camitta BM; Children's Oncology Group. Clinical significance of minimal residual disease in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and its relationship to other prognostic factors: a Children's Oncology Group study. Blood. 2008 Jun 15;111(12):5477-85. doi: 10.1182/blood-2008-01-132837. Epub 2008 Apr 3.
Davies SM, Borowitz MJ, Rosner GL, Ritz K, Devidas M, Winick N, Martin PL, Bowman P, Elliott J, Willman C, Das S, Cook EH, Relling MV. Pharmacogenetics of minimal residual disease response in children with B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Blood. 2008 Mar 15;111(6):2984-90. doi: 10.1182/blood-2007-09-114082. Epub 2008 Jan 8.
Hinds PS, Hockenberry MJ, Gattuso JS, Srivastava DK, Tong X, Jones H, West N, McCarthy KS, Sadeh A, Ash M, Fernandez C, Pui CH. Dexamethasone alters sleep and fatigue in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer. 2007 Nov 15;110(10):2321-30.
Winick N, Martin PL, Devidas M, et al.: Delayed intensification (DI) enhances event-free survival (EFS) of children with B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who received intensification therapy with six courses of intravenous methotrexate (MTX): POG 9904/9905: a Children's Oncology Group study (COG). [Abstract] Blood 110 (11): A-583, 2007.
Public notes

Contacts
Principal investigator
Name 0 0
Paul L. Martin, MD
Address 0 0
Duke Cancer Institute
Country 0 0
Phone 0 0
Fax 0 0
Email 0 0
Contact person for public queries
Name 0 0
Address 0 0
Country 0 0
Phone 0 0
Fax 0 0
Email 0 0
Contact person for scientific queries

Summary results
Other publications